AFTER THE EUROPEAN ELECTIONS: WHAT WILL BE NEXT?
The Institute of International Relations of Nanjing University, China
PHD researcher of international relations
While in Ukraine people struggle and die for or against the decision of the Western Ukrainian Government to be integrated into the European Union, people vote for eurosceptics in many EU member countries in the elections for EU parliament. The Euroscepticism is against the process of political European integration. Euroscepticism has two main groups: the first one is the opposition to membership and integration of the European Union, the second one is a support for the existence and membership of EU, but with opposition to some aspects of EU policies, and opposition to a federalization of Europian Union. They want to create confederation system in EU.
So, in France France’s t National Front (FN), led by Marine Le Pen, won elections and became the country’s largest party in the European Parliament. Known for its anti-immigration and anti-establishment views, the FN is also openly hostile to the European Union, pledging to undercut its power. In Britain- United Kingdom Independence Party (UKIP) performed astonishingly well in the European Parliamentary elections. UKIP came with 26.77 percent of the vote. Deeply opposed to the EU, UKIP advocates Britain’s immediate exit from the union.
The far-right Danish People’s Party (DPP) finished first for Denmark winning nearly 26.6 percent of the vote. The DPP has campaigned on reclaiming its borders and cutting benefits to other EU citizens living within Denmark. The Netherland’s far-right Dutch Freedom Party (PVV) came in third, with 13.2 percent of the vote. The PVV is a party which is anti-immigration. Austria’s Freedom Party (FPÖ) won four seats with 19.7 percent of the vote, known for being anti-immigration, calling for major reforms. The party has also demanded that Turkey be kept out of the European Union. Italy’s far-right Northern League placed fourth in the country’s election for European Parliament, with only 6.15 percent of the vote. The Northern League, which has said it will ally with France’s FN and the Netherland’s PVV, campaigned on an anti-Europe and anti-immigration platform.
I think that in European rich and poor countries many people voted for eurosceptics, because in reach countries like France, Britain, Denmark, Netherlands people are quite tired to listen that their money must be send to poor EU countries for helping those countries to open new jobs, while they themselves have problems to find job in their so called reach countries as well.
In Germany people mostly voted for the parties which are for keeping and developing EU, but Eurosceptics’ party in Germany which is called Alternative for Germany (AfD) did relatively well in the European Parliamentary election, gaining seven seats after coming in fifth with seven percent of the vote. Opposed to the eurozone, AfD regards most other eurosceptic parties, including UKIP, as too radical to ally with.
I think that in EU’s relatively poor countries like Greece, Hungary, Poland people gave a huge amount of votes to eurosceptics because they are already tired of economic crises, rising unemployment and Eurozone, which they couldn’t successfully use for their economies.
The extreme-right Jobbik party, known for its anti-Semitic and racist views, was second in Hungary, winning three seats in the European Parliament. Despite being anti-EU, the party’s policies have made it an undesirable ally for other eurosceptic parties, like France’s FN. The neo-Nazi Golden Dawn party was third in Greece with 9.38 percent of the vote. Poland’s far-right New Right party came in fourth in the country with 7.21 percent of the vote, securing itself four seats in the European Parliament (A look at the European Parliament’s eurosceptic parties. It is available at http://www.france24.com/en/20140527-europe-pictures-european-parliament-eurosceptic-parties-fn-ukip).
The New Right has criticized the EU over its financial mismanagement, threatening to destroy it from the inside (IBID).
I believe that the results of EU parliament elections will have an influence on future international relations and EU role in the world. Anyway, it is important to mention that during this year EU has had a 2% economic grow, and political powers that have been elected for EU parliament mostly defend the idea of EU and political integration into EU.
It is interesting to mention that in France eurosceptics won during the elections, but in Germany the parties which were pro-EU won the most seats for EU parliament. So the main two driving force of EU Germany and France will be in the opposite camps in the EU parliament. Will it stand a reason for the new French-German confrontation or will it give opportunities to hear new ideas, more criticism, and improve the institutions of the EU? However, Europeans have shown once again that they respect votes of their citizens and they are ready to give opportunities to all political groups to be presented in EU parliament including that parties which wish to see the collapse of the EU.
|1014 reads | 15.06.2014|